ArkansasCity Stories

The Bluff: America’s Poorest and Most Dangerous City

The Pine Bluff Arkansas Ghetto:

Never Before Seen Look Inside the Bluff…

In the small Arkansas city of Pine Bluff much is not known other than the negative labels that society has given the city, from the “Poorest City” to the “Most Dangerous City”.

An impoverish city divided between the East Side and West Side with the South Side being the more affluent side of town, Pine Bluff has become a shell of itself from past memories of black excellence.

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Pine Bluff Black History

In the near vicinity of today’s Pine Bluff was a region that was home to Arkansas’ largest slave plantations, the Arkansas Delta, which is the only main region of Arkansas’ African American population, other than Little Rock, Texarkana and Fort Smith .

During the city’s early days, from the 1800s to the early 1900s, the city of Pine Bluff was once known as the mecca for African-Americans in “The Delta”, both in the state of Arkansas and the neighboring state of Mississippi.

Pine Bluff was once locally known for the heavy concentration of blues musicians and entertainment, as well black entrepreneurs that led to some to refer the Pine Bluff business community as the “Black Wall Street” of the region.

pine bluff black history

Mural in downtown representing the Pine Bluff black history

The city of Pine Bluff has had a long history of black excellence that has included entrepreneurs, scholars, musicians and black soldiers that fought in the Civil War.

Unfortunately, around World War I, the 1930s, is when the state of Arkansas began to transition as the city of Little Rock became the more popular and attractive city for African-Americans and Pine Bluff slowly became the forgotten city.

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The Statistics of Pine Bluff, Arkansas

As stated, Pine Bluff has had its moments of being the country’s poorest city and the country’s most dangerous city, despite the size of Pine Bluff makes the comparison hard when placed in the same category as much larger cities.

The city of Pine Bluff has less than 50,000 residents, a population that is declining year by year, as almost 80% of the population is African-American with the city’s white population accounting for only 20%.

In one of America’s poorest states that only has an average income of $23,000, there are communities and neighborhoods in Pine Bluff that have a poverty rate over 70%.

pine bluff poverty pine bluff arkansas ghetto

An example of Pine Bluff Arkansas poverty.

With companies like Tyson Foods being one of the only major employers of the region, along with the medical field, educational institutions, and Arkansas’ Department of Corrections, finding a good paying job is not easy to obtain in Pine Bluff.

With the lack of opportunities and the proper resources to find opportunities, a last resort is the streets for the ones that have exhausted all their outlets and have been on a constant search with no hope in sight.

In any city when there is a lack of positive activities, opportunities, and resources crime and street and gang activity usually rises as idle time or the need for money transforms into wrongdoing.

pine bluff gangs pine bluff arkansas ghetto

Pine Bluff gangs tagging on an abandoned property.

Within the streets of Pine Bluff, the small metropolitan area of Pine Bluff had a violent crime at 1006.7 per 100,000 inhabitants, only coming in third behind the metropolitan areas of Detroit and Memphis.

These statistics can prove to some that Pine Bluff is “The Poorest City” or “The Most Dangerous City”, but statistics can also be an exaggeration with the size of Pine Bluff or not knowing the actual people and community of Pine Bluff.

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What Happen to Pine Bluff Arkansas Ghetto

The city of Pine Bluff began to decline as a large portion of the city’s white population began to relocate into the neighboring city of White Hall, Pine Bluff’s suburb, which¬†was established during the 1960s and became a small city with a population of 1,000 by the 1970s.

In every decade a substantial number of citizens have exited the city of Pine Bluff, which has caused a loss of a tax base that has made the revenue of property, sales, and income tax to be on a constant decline.

Pine Bluff Arkansas poverty

An example of Pine Bluff Arkansas poverty

As the city furthered transformed into becoming the Pine Bluff Arkansas ghetto during the 1990s and 2000s, poverty in the city increased as today the poverty rate is 33% with an average income of $17,000 despite 64% of the businesses are black owned.

Currently, Pine Bluff’s only claim to fame is the Historical Black College of the University of Arkansas – Pine Bluff as the city continues to lack attractions to bring in more visitors, revenue, or notoriety.

With a lack of resources or reasonable employment opportunities, Pine Bluff’s poverty shall continue as the dilapidated city will need a team effort by the people and the local and state governments to help with improvements.

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*Note: All information is provided through people of the community, outside sources, and research. Some information might not be current and/or 100% accurate.

Click to check out more on Pine Bluff and other urban communities of Arkansas