Gentrification: Removal of the ‘Hood
As the United States was in the great depression, Theodore Roosevelt came up with the new deal act which provided a number of programs.
One program was public housing, which was the building and constructing of housing projects under the creation of the Housing Act of 1937, which would later form the United States Housing Authority.
To build these complexes many neighborhoods were razed for the construction in a attempt of slum clearance, which mainly became the removal of African-American communities, and in some instances Caucasian communities.
Years later, with the rebuilding of infrastructure and revitalizing city’s downtown areas during the 1950s and 60s, urban renewal changed the outlook of communities as civic centers, interstates and highways, and other projects were placed in the heart of the African-American community.
This was during the time when there were many prominent and thriving African-American communities and the beginning of integration and desegregation.
Urban renewal caused the black population to expand and spread into other parts of town and create new communities, but none that were as thriving as their previous communities.
Starting in the 1990s and continuing today, gentrification with the rebuilding of urban communities has begun with the demolishing of housing projects that were considered to be eye sores to certain communities near city’s downtown’s, business districts, and other local attractions.
Similar to previous eras where white families were exiting the city for the suburbs, African-Americans are moving further away from the inner city and into the outskirts and suburbs of their city.