The third largest city of Connecticut is divided between the North End of African-Americans and West Indians and the South End of Hartford’s Latino community.
After the second World War during the 1950s, African-Americans began to move into Hartford’s North End community, which was home to mostly Europeans.
By the 1960s and 1970s, the North End was majority African-American as the city of Hartford itself was changing with white flight into places like West Hartford.
Hartford also has one of the largest West Indian populations in the country with a large Jamaican community that is mostly located around Blue Hills and Albany Ave.
The West Indian population began to arrive into the United States during the mid-1900s and continued to grow throughout the years, especially in Hartford’s North End.
The South End, which became mainly home to Puerto Ricans, grew within the Latino community around the same time the North End was becoming predominantly black, as Puerto Ricans arrived to Connecticut during the 1950s and 1960s.
With over 120,000 people living in the North and South End’s, plus other sections, not until the 1990s did the black and Latino became the majority of the racial groups in Hartford.
A booming city throughout the 1800s and 1900s with a number of industries began to decline during the 1960s with the suburbs growing, which were built from the 1920s to 1950s.
Today, Hartford is slowly gentrifying some of its communities, beginning with the housing complexes as the black community is expanding to areas like Bloomfield.
*Note: All information is provided through people of the community, outside sources, and research. Some information might not be current and/or 100% accurate.