TRS Report: History of Gentrification
Removal of the ‘Hood
Urban Redevelopment: Documentary on Urban Renewal, Slum Clearance, and Urban Gentrification
This short urban gentrification documentary explains the history of the destruction and removal of the African-American community throughout the years, from slum clearance to urban renewal to today’s urban gentrification of the urban neighborhoods across America.
As the United States was in the great depression, the government developed a number of programs under the New Deal Act, with one program being public housing, the building and constructing of housing projects under the creation of the Housing Act that would later form national and local housing authorities.
To build these complexes, in an attempt of slum clearance, many neighborhoods experienced urban redevelopment with the demolishing of communities and the construction of housing projects, which mainly became the removal of African-American communities.
Years later, urban renewal and urban redevelopment, the rebuilding of infrastructures and revitalizing city’s downtown areas during the 1950s and 60s, changed the outlook of communities as civic centers, interstates and highways, and other projects were placed directly in the heart of the African-American community.
This was during the time when there were many prominent and thriving African-American neighborhoods as the United States was beginning to integrate and desegregate its communities.
Urban renewal caused the African-American population to expand and spread into other parts of town and to create newer neighborhoods, but none that were as thriving as their previous communities.
Starting in the 1990s, urban gentrification begun with the demolishing of housing projects and continued with the rebuilding of urban communities after knowingly allowing neighborhoods to deteriorate and become dilapidated in areas near city’s downtowns, business districts, and other local attractions.
Similar to urban renewal, urban gentrification is relocating African-Americans further from the inner city and into the outskirts and suburbs of their native city.