TRS Documentary: St. Louis, MO

st louis black history st louis black population

St Louis Black History

A short St Louis documentary that gives important facts and details about the St Louis black history of the entire metropolitan, from the black community of St Louis County and City to the community of East St. Louis.

The St. Louis metropolitan area has communities throughout its region, whether their in St. Louis county, St. Louis city, or east St. Louis, all have their own unique story.

The timeline of the St Louis black history begins with the days of segregation that only allowed African Americans to live in specific neighborhoods like the Ville or Mill Creek Valley.

As segregation was coming to an end during the 1960s, the city destroyed prominent black communities and replaced certain areas with housing projects.

This led to people to relocate into different parts of the city and also into neighboring municipalities of St. Louis county.

Around this time, white families were moving out of the city into different communities throughout the St. Louis region, while the city was slowly becoming predominantly African American.

Over the years, as more people left the city, many communities would later become vacant, dilapidated, and gain a reputation of being overrun by gangs and crime.


Today, many people are moving from the urban communities of North St. Louis and moving into neighborhoods of St. Louis county or on the far south side, due to gentrification in communities near the city’s business districts and tourist attractions, together with vacant properties outnumbering the amount of homes being rebuilt.

The urban community of St. Louis county lies north of Delmar Boulevard.

Other than the historic communities of Kinloch, Meachem Park, and a couple of other neighborhoods, black families did not move into St. Louis county until the 1960s.

By the 1970s, there was a number of black communities along Page and Natural Bridge boulevards, while in North County, a black middle class community in the Black Jack area was beginning to form.

With the help of low income apartment complexes, and the constant movement of African Americans from the city into the county, most of the white residents left north county by the 1990s.

Today, many middle class black families are moving out of North County, as the community is slowly declining with neighborhoods becoming rundown, property values lowering, and a major loss of businesses and public facilities.

On the east side, the St Louis black history story begins in the early 1900s, as many originally moved into the area for the many employment opportunities that East St. Louis had to offer.

The decline of East St. Louis began after the loss of jobs and the movement of many residents into newer areas like Belleville or other suburban communities of St. Clair and Madison Counties.

During this time, black families were moving into the majority of neighborhoods in east St. Louis and other nearby communities of Washington Park or Centreville.

Currently, east St. Louis has been affected by a number of issues, which includes gangs, crime, poverty, corruption, and a overall lack of resources and opportunities.

For more on the urban communities of St. Louis.